Recent developments in the Western Balkans countries indicate that they can take concrete actions and join the EU in tackling the climate crisis, but the progress made so far is not enough.
“The Energy Community Contracting Parties have legal obligations regarding the prohibition of state aid that distorts or threatens to distort competition, which must be respected.(1) State aid authorities in the Contracting Parties systematically turn a blind eye to this obligation.”(2)
The third round of negotiations to 'modernise' the obscure Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) is coming to a close. From 3 to 6 November, the 53 contracting parties of the treaty tried to find ways to make the agreement from the 1990s fit for the challenges of the 21st century - foremost the climate crisis. But there is no hope that the ECT will be brought in line with the Paris Agreement and the EU's climate commitments.
The Commission’s Communication in December broadened the scope of the European Green Deal to include the EU’s global role. The negotiations on development cooperation in the EU budget, a key element of the European Green Deal for partner countries, continue this week. The challenge is now on for Commissioner Jutta Urpilainen to ensure the European Green Deal delivers for people living in poverty in the Global South, writes Rachel Simon, Climate and Development Policy Coordinator at Climate Action Network (CAN) Europe.
As action in the next 10 years will be most decisive in limiting temperature rise to 1.5°C, the EU will need to increase its 2030 domestic greenhouse emission reduction target under the Paris Agreement (the EU's NDC-Nationally Determined Contribution) from at least 40% to at least 65% compared to 1990 emissions.
Through the adoption and ratification of the Paris Agreement, the EU has committed to “limit global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and of pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels."