The Bonn talks ended on Friday with negotiations on track and delegates showing some willingness to make up for the lost time. On budget issues, additional funding was agreed for an extra autumn session for negotiations towards the COP, scheduled for September.
While the implementation of the Cancun Agreements is well on the way, governments still disagree on a number of political questions, such as the global emissions reduction goal for 2050, the year global emissions should peak at and under what kind of legal framework the future agreement should fall. In Bonn countries did not make real progress on increasing the levels of ambition in emissions reductions, however governments do now recognize that pledges made will not deliver us from climate catastrophe.
Looking ahead to COP 17 on Durban and the likely central question will be around the legal issues - as the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol will end in 2012. The continuation of the Kyoto regime needs to be agreed at Durban, and that needs to be balanced with a mandate for a complementing legally binding agreement for those countries without a commitment under the Kyoto Protocol. The European Union is seemingly coming around to the fact that the Kyoto Protocol is in danger and it would be in the EU’s best interest to secure its continuation in Durban.
For this to happen the EU should declare its full support and commitment to the 2nd commitment period well in time before the autumn session.
For full wrap-up, download the CAN-I negotiations newsletter ECO.