All the gifts for gas and oil 

The Italian government provides gifts of around €8.9 billion a year in small fees, ridiculous royalties and public financing for the oil & gas sector. These subsidies are transforming Italy into Texas and preventing the transition to a 100% renewable energy future!

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Payouts for the oil and gas in Italy are simply huge! The sector enjoys direct and indirect subsidies at an estimated value of €8.9 billion each year. Among the gifts are discounts and exemptions for drilling fossil fuels at a value of €1.4 billion each year. In fact, since 1996 Italian law has provided tax exemption for royalties for the first 20,000 tons of oil extracted from the mainland (or 50,000 tons offshore) and the first 25 million cubic meters of mainland natural gas (or 80 million cubic meters offshore). According to Legambiente's estimates, based on data from the Ministry of Economic Development, from 2004 until today 32% of the gas extracted in Italy has been exempted from the payment of royalties, and 8% of oil. All of this generated a loss of income of about €88 million in 2016 alone.

In addition there are multiple Italian public investments in national and international fossil fuel projects, financed or guaranteed by SACE and Cassa Depositi e Prestiti. Italy provided an annual average of $2.1 billion between 2013 and 2015, eighth place among the G20 countries. Between 2014 and 2015 €643 million went to natural gas projects and between 2013 and 2015, seven projects for the extraction and exploration of oil and gas were funded at €1.2 billion. One billion was also allocated to five projects for the production of electricity from fossil fuels.

On top of this are the plans for the construction of the Trans-Adriatic gas pipeline (TAP) which will cross Puglia - one of the largest European fossil fuel projects with a contribution from the European Investment Bank, equal to €1.6 billion.

So aside from investments and loans, Legambiente has counted €8.9 billion as the amount intended to support the production and consumption of fossil energy in Italy. Instead of investing in pollution and harm to our health and the environment, these resources should be invested in the green transition - for example the much-needed redevelopment and refurbishment of Italian building stock, and into supporting the public to live in an efficient and sustainable way.

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Credits and acknowledgements

Graphic design: Mark Bitter, BITTER design, www.markbitter.de

Web design: Olov Källgarn, Pixelengine www.pixelengine.se

Financial support: This project has been realized by the helpful support of the KR Foundation and the European Commission LIFE program

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