ESD

Effort Sharing Decision/Regulation

The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) sets emissions reduction targets for each EU Member State for the sectors not covered by the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme. These non-ETS sectors are responsible for nearly 60% of the EU’s emissions and include ground transportation, agriculture, waste and buildings. Neither the ESD nor the ETS cover emissions from Land-based emissions (LULUCF) and from international transport.

2020 non-ETS Targets

ESD emission reduction targets for 2020 are set for each Member State based on its wealth, measured by its GDP per capita. The wealthiest Member States need to reduce their emissions by 20% below 2005 levels and the poorest are allowed to increase emissions by 20% by 2020. This adds up to an overall ESD target of minus 10% below 2005 emissions by 2020.

This is unambitious and the EU is expected to overshoot its 2020 target by about 1.5 billion tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. In other words, the EU will reduce its emissions in these sectors to about minus 25% below 2005 levels.

New 2030 non-ETS Targets

In October 2014, the European Council agreed on a EU 2030 target of minus 30% below 2005 emissions for the ESD sectors. Member States will have targets between 0% (the poorest ones) to minus 40% (the richest ones) compared to 2005. 

Learn more about the latest developments in the Parliament and the Council.

CAN Europe calls for more ambition and no loopholes

This target and the proposed Regulation for the non-ETS sectors, called the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) will not do enough to protect the climate. The proposed Regulation is an unambitious interpretation of the Council’s at least 40% 2030 reduction target, which in itself is too weak to be in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement to keep temperature rise well below 2°C and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The proposal is weak because:

  • The overall target is too weak. It neither matches what is needed to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement, nor enables to reach the mitigation potential that is available.
  • The emissions level set for the starting point in 2021 is too high.
  • Three loopholes further water down the targets by 421 million tonnes.

On the whole, the EU is expected to overshoot its 30% non-ETS target if it simply meets its unambitious targets for energy efficiency and renewable energy. To make the ESR effective, the following changes need to be introduced:

  • A higher 2030 target: it should be raised from -30% to at least -47% for the non-ETS sectors and a ratchet-up mechanism to increase targets every five years, starting from 2018 should be created.
  • A lower 2021 starting point: Member States should each have a starting point that is most stringent given their projected emissions and their 2020 target.
  • Loopholes should to be eliminated.

pdf CAN Europe position on Effort Sharing Regulation 5 Oct 2016 (507 KB)

  • Our infographic shows the importance of setting a starting point which reflects real emissions levels
  • Calculate the size of the ESR and ETS emissions budgets under different scenarios with WWF's 2030 Carbon Calculator: www.2030carboncalculator.eu
  • Calculate the size of the ESR budgets for your Member State with Carbon Market Watch's and T&E's Effort Sharing Emissions Calculator: http://effortsharing.org/

 

Learn more

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CAN Europe Position on the Effort Sharing Regulation (2021-30)

In order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change and to align the EU’s targets with the Paris Agreement, ambition in the ESR sectors must be raised considerably. CAN Europe calls for a reduction target of at least 47% in non-ETS sectors by 2030. Read More

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The lower the starting point in 2021 the more emissions reductions will be achieved in the ESR until 2030. 

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Briefing: A trick list of how countries can avoid climate action in their non-ETS sectors

This briefing discusses the loopholes that some countries are pushing for in order to reduce the efforts they would have to make to cut emissions in the non-ETS sectors. 
Read More

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CAN Europe evaluation of the Commission's proposal on non-ETS emissions for 2021-2030

The Commission's proposal on non-ETS emissions for 2021-2030 is weak because 1) the overall target is too weak. 2) the emissions level set for the starting point in 2021 is too high. 3) three loopholes further water down the targets by 421 million tonnes.
Read More

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Useful ESD Resources

Here you find a range of useful external ESD resources. 
Read More

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Land-based Emissions (LULUCF)

The LULUCF sector should be covered by a separate reduction target with comprehensive accounting of all GHG emissions and removals from land use and forestry activities. Reductions should not be counted towards the Effort Sharing Decision target. 
Read more

Contact

Klaus

Klaus Röhrig in Brussels
EU Climate & Energy Policy Coordinator
klaus /at/ caneurope.org
+32 2893 0839

CAROLINE

Caroline Westblom in Brussels
EU Climate & Energy Policy Coordinator
caroline /at/ caneurope.org
+32 2894 4674 

ZANNA

Zanna Vanrenterghem in Brussels
EU Climate & Energy Policy Officer
zanna /at/ caneurope.org
+32 2893 0839

Latest Publications on Effort Sharing Decision

  • Climate Action Regulation update: little progress in EU Environment Council

    This is the second update on a key discussion on the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR). Following the Parliament's vote on 14 June, EU Ministers discussed proposals in the Environment Council on 19 June 2017. You can get an update on the Parliament vote here. Unfortunately the debate was not constructive. There was a lack of progress on increasing the ambition of the Commission's proposal and the Council did not agree on its position. Instead as requested by the Maltese presidency Ministers focused on giving their opinion on the proposed 'safety reserve' - a proposal to allow member states to carry over a glut of worthless “hot air” carbon credits from previous years. It seems very likely that this will from now on be part of the Council's text. You can read more on the safety reserve in Transport and Environment’s set of FAQs. You can read CAN Europe’s statement on the discussion here.
  • Climate Action Regulation update: Parliament vote fails Paris pledge

    This is the first in a series of two blog posts on key discussions in the Parliament and the Council on the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR). You can get an update on the Council's negotiations here. On 14 June 2017 the European Parliament voted on the revision of the 'Climate Action Regulation implementing the Paris Agreement' (the ESR), which covers emissions from transport, waste, buildings and agriculture for the coming decade.
  • EU Ministers make little progress on key climate policy

    In reaction to the discussion on the Effort Sharing Regulation taking place at the Environment Council today, Caroline Westblom, EU Climate and Energy Policy Coordinator at CAN Europe said:
  • Letter to MEPs: voting recommendations on the Effort Sharing Regulation

    Dear Member of the European Parliament, Today you will vote on the so-called “Climate Action Regulation implementing the Paris Agreement” (Effort Sharing Regulation, or ESR). This regulation covers about 60% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions. If designed correctly, it can drive innovation in the sectors involved, and lead to great benefits for the society such as cleaner air, reduced energy poverty and more liveable cities.
See All: Effort Sharing Decision