Effort Sharing Decision/Regulation
The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) sets emissions reduction targets for each EU Member State for the sectors not covered by the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme. These non-ETS sectors are responsible for nearly 60% of the EU’s emissions and include ground transportation, agriculture, waste and buildings. Neither the ESD nor the ETS cover emissions from Land-based emissions (LULUCF) and from international transport.
2020 non-ETS Targets
ESD emission reduction targets for 2020 are set for each Member State based on its wealth, measured by its GDP per capita. The wealthiest Member States need to reduce their emissions by 20% below 2005 levels and the poorest are allowed to increase emissions by 20% by 2020. This adds up to an overall ESD target of minus 10% below 2005 emissions by 2020.
This is unambitious and the EU is expected to overshoot its 2020 target by about 1.5 billion tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions. In other words, the EU will reduce its emissions in these sectors to about minus 25% below 2005 levels.
New 2030 non-ETS Targets
In October 2014, the European Council agreed on a EU 2030 target of minus 30% below 2005 emissions for the ESD sectors. Member States will have targets between 0% (the poorest ones) to minus 40% (the richest ones) compared to 2005.
CAN Europe calls for more ambition and no loopholes
This target and the proposed Regulation for the non-ETS sectors, called the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) will not do enough to protect the climate. The proposed Regulation is an unambitious interpretation of the Council’s at least 40% 2030 reduction target, which in itself is too weak to be in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement to keep temperature rise well below 2°C and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The proposal is weak because:
- The overall target is too weak. It neither matches what is needed to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement, nor enables to reach the mitigation potential that is available.
- The emissions level set for the starting point in 2021 is too high.
- Three loopholes further water down the targets by 421 million tonnes.
On the whole, the EU is expected to overshoot its 30% non-ETS target if it simply meets its unambitious targets for energy efficiency and renewable energy. To make the ESR effective, the following changes need to be introduced:
- A higher 2030 target: it should be raised from -30% to at least -47% for the non-ETS sectors and a ratchet-up mechanism to increase targets every five years, starting from 2018 should be created.
- A lower 2021 starting point: Member States should each have a starting point that is most stringent given their projected emissions and their 2020 target.
- Loopholes should to be eliminated.
- Our infographic shows the importance of setting a starting point which reflects real emissions levels
- Calculate the size of the ESR and ETS emissions budgets under different scenarios with WWF's 2030 Carbon Calculator: www.2030carboncalculator.eu
- Calculate the size of the ESR budgets for your Member State with Carbon Market Watch's and T&E's Effort Sharing Emissions Calculator: http://effortsharing.org/
In order to avoid the worst impacts of climate change and to align the EU’s targets with the Paris Agreement, ambition in the ESR sectors must be raised considerably. CAN Europe calls for a reduction target of at least 47% in non-ETS sectors by 2030. Read More
The lower the starting point in 2021 the more emissions reductions will be achieved in the ESR until 2030. Read more
This briefing discusses the loopholes that some countries are pushing for in order to reduce the efforts they would have to make to cut emissions in the non-ETS sectors.
The Commission's proposal on non-ETS emissions for 2021-2030 is weak because 1) the overall target is too weak. 2) the emissions level set for the starting point in 2021 is too high. 3) three loopholes further water down the targets by 421 million tonnes.
Here you find a range of useful external ESD resources.
The LULUCF sector should be covered by a separate reduction target with comprehensive accounting of all GHG emissions and removals from land use and forestry activities. Reductions should not be counted towards the Effort Sharing Decision target.